Comorbidity among axis II diagnoses was common. Subjects met the criteria for an average of 2.4 personality disorder diagnoses (SD=1.6). The subjects with borderline personality disorder were more likely than those without borderline personality disorder to meet the criteria for histrionic (29.2% versus 5.6%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (30.6% versus 15.7%; ? 2 =5.59, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.5% versus 3.7%; ? 2 =4.98, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with paranoid personality disorder were more likely than those without paranoid personality disorder to meet the criteria for schizotypal (49.2% versus 20.5%; ? 2 =, df=1, p<0.0005), narcissistic (33.3% versus 15.4%; ? 2 =7.77, df=1, p=0.005), histrionic (23.5% versus 10.3%; ? 2 =5.90, df=1, p=0.02), and antisocial (12.7% versus 4.3%; ? 2 =4.34, df=1, p=0.03) personality disorder. Subjects with borderline personality disorder had a higher number of personality disorder diagnoses (other than borderline personality disorder) than subjects without borderline personality disorder (mean=2.3 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–2.35, df=178, p=0.02). Subjects with paranoid personality disorder also had a higher number of personality disorders (other than paranoid personality disorder) than subjects without paranoid personality disorder (mean=2.5 diagnoses, SD=1.7, versus mean=1.8 diagnoses, SD=1.1; t=–3.44, df=178, p=0.001).
Traumatization inside Youth otherwise Adolescence
Desk 2 reveals the newest frequency away from contact with traumatization through the youthfulness/adolescence in subjects which have and in the place of borderline character sickness. Subjects that have borderline identification infection had significantly high costs out-of real discipline inside youngsters/puberty than simply sufferers in the place of borderline identity illness, having sex managed (52.8% as opposed to 34.3%; ? 2 =5.43, df=step 1, p=0.02), although communities did not differ inside their pricing out-of sexual discipline (30.2% versus 19.4%; ? 2 =step 1.46, df=step one, p=0.23) otherwise from other types of shock inside teens/adolescence.
Subjects having paranoid identification illness in addition to got a somewhat higher level away from real abuse inside youthfulness/adolescence than just sufferers in place of paranoid personality problems, that have sex controlled (54.0% rather than 35.0%; ? 2 =5.70, df=step one, p=0.02). 4% versus twenty two.2%; ? 2 =0.23, df=1, p=0.63) or out of other types of traumatization in the youth/adolescence. This new relationships away from youth/adolescent actual punishment that have borderline personality illness and with paranoid character ailment was basically also examined by using all the most other identification ailment diagnoses since the even more covariates, additionally the abilities were statistically similar.
Sufferers which have antisocial identity infection had been apt to be as opposed to those versus antisocial personality illness to have come bereaved in the childhood (53.8% rather than 21.0%; ? 2 =eight.67, df=step 1, p=0.006). None of one’s other kinds of personality disease is notably and you may sexsearch recenze surely of sexual abuse, physical punishment, or all other sorts of injury from inside the young people/puberty.
Trauma from inside the Adulthood
The newest rates regarding exposure to stress during the adulthood within the victims that have and in place of borderline identity illness are found inside the Table 2. Borderline personality problems wasn’t rather of the real violence, intimate violence, and other brand of upheaval within the adulthood, as we grow older and you can gender regulated. Victims which have paranoid identification infection had been even more probably than those in place of paranoid personality illness to have experienced real violence into the adulthood, with age and you will sex controlled (33.0% versus 17.9%; ? 2 =cuatro.84, df=1, p=0.03). People with paranoid identity infection and had highest costs out-of crashes/injury (63.5% versus 47.0%; ? 2 =4.86, df=step 1, p=0.03) and you will handle (9.5% rather than step one.7%; ? dos =6.48, df=step one, p=0.01) as opposed to those without having any illness, but these differences just weren’t statistically significant after the results of several contrasting had been regulated. None of other sorts of identification illness try somewhat related that have any kind of upheaval when you look at the adulthood.
Incidence from PTSD
This new life incidence off PTSD inside band of sufferers is 17.8% (N=32). The newest pricing out of PTSD in women (19.0%, N=12) and you will men (17.1%, N=20) were not notably other (? 2 =0.eleven, df=step one, p=0.74). PTSD was most frequent from inside the subjects having paranoid (29%) and you will borderline (25%) identification disorder, and the very least common within the victims having narcissistic (10%) and passive aggressive (12%) personality problems. Towards the leftover version of character ailment, the prevalence out of PTSD varied out-of fourteen% to help you 18%. Victims that have and you may as opposed to PTSD didn’t disagree inside their complete number of identification infection diagnoses (mean=2.5, SD=step 1.dos, in place of indicate=2.4, SD=step 1.6; t=–0.thirty six, df=178, p=0.72).